Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Waiting For Godot By Beckett Essays (567 words) -

Hanging tight For Godot By Beckett The reason for human life is an unanswerable inquiry. It appears to be difficult to discover an answer since we don't have the foggiest idea where to begin looking. To us, presence is by all accounts something forced on us by an obscure power. There is by all accounts no explanation behind it, in this manner causing the world to appear choatic. Consequently, society attempts to make importance of it by materialistic purposes to divert us from the certainty that it is really a hopless and strange quandary. Samuel Beckett's two act play, Hanging tight For Godot, catches this inclination and perspective on the world. This perspective is appeared by the distinction among Pozzo and Lucky in both Act I and II. Since this world is soley dependent on possibility, human lives are rewarded in a practically barbarous way. In act one, Pozzo is going to the market to sell Lucky. Pozzo is absolutely sound. Fortunate is an entirely ordinary slave who has begun to irritate Pozzo, so he will be sold. This is the principal way Valdimir and Estrogen see this odd couple. In any case, the following day Pozzo and Fortunate's quandary have changed. Pozzo is visually impaired and Lucky has gotten a quiet. When Valdimir and Estrogen go up against them on these intense hcanges, Pozzo's answers are befuddled. He has positively no memory of the day preceding when he requested Lucky to think and claims Lucky has consistently been a quiet. When Valdimir asks him when he got visually impaired, Pozzo reacts, I woke up one discover day as visually impaired as fortune. When Valdimir approaches him for subtleties, Pozzo answers viciously, Don't address me! The visually impaired have no thought of time. The things of time are escaped them as well! In this sad circumstance, people attempt to remain neglectful of thier genuine issue. All through the play, Valdimir and Estrogen remain moronically cheeful, and search for interruption in silly exercises. It is for this rason the play appears to be somewhat diverting at times. Valdimir and Estrogen attempt to occupy themselves from thier sit tight for Godot by contending over unremarkable subjects, dozing, conversing with Pozzo and Lucky (likewise about everyday subjects) and in any event, considering self destruction. This is an endeavor to stay neglectful of the truth they are oinly sitting tight for an unclear picture, who may never come. Basically they would prefer not to understand that thier lives are aimless. This vehavior is an ideal case of this current world's trivial interruptions. In act two Valdimir announces, What are we doing here, that is the issue. What's more, we are honored in this, that we happen to know the appropriate response. Truly, in this colossal disarray one thing alone is clear. We are hanging tight for Godot to come- This shows how Valdimir essentially needs a figment of a safegaurd to adapt to his futile life and Godot is that dream for the time being. In act two, Valdimir begins to take a gander at life and in doing so gets a brief look at understanding this perspective. As of now Valdimir reaslizes that is holding up is sad and Godot is just an interruption from his futile reality. Valdimir starts to get discouraged now. He understands that he is caught, comprehends he must choose between limited options and must continue in his dream. There is by all accounts no point, yet just this choice. Hanging tight For Godot is about how the world depends on possibility and meaingless conduct. Fundamentally this implies human life has no genuine importance. At the point when people understand this, they make interruptions and preoccupations to make reason and importance forever. Pausing for Godot is essentially a play about the significance of life.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

To Tax or Not to Tax

To Tax or Not to Tax: The Problem of America Money, similar to a treat, is something everyone needs, and when it is gone an individual accuses every other person for its nonappearance; acknowledging later they were the one to devour it in any case. Assessments, since the start of a composed economy, have been contended over for quite a long time. Toward the finish of 2012 in the wake of enduring the â€Å"end of the world,† citizens were confronted with another prophetically catastrophic circumstance, the Fiscal Cliff.It could raise assessments to over the top rates, and in spite of the excusal of the Cliff, the issue had quite recently been pushed onto the heating surface of the economy and will be readdressed in the not so distant future. On one hand, by keeping low charges the state can't make an adequate measure of cash to take care of its obligation. Rather, numerous individuals contend that by raising assessments the expanded costs of things will really hurt the nationâ €™s financial recuperation (Russell).Taxes ought to be expanded on the grounds that confronting the national obligation is inescapable and the nation is will be not able to recoup from the mounting obligation until it’s residents help bring it again from its monetary grave. Assessments are legitimately associated with the economy of a country, and because of this numerous individuals contend that the administration needs to cut spending on government programs that are making the obligation increment. However, it was uncovered that programmed spending cuts were a piece of the Fiscal Cliff, and would have spared $109 billion in government spending on protection and non-barrier programs the same. â€Å"President To Make Argument For Fiscal Cliff Plans†). Amusingly, individuals contended that the administration needs to cut, however as it was uncovered that is actually what the bluff was intending to do. The Fiscal Cliff could have reduced superfluous expenses making the obligation diminish, and thusly decreased swollen shortages (Dixon). This decrease can diminish the obligation yet even with the evacuation of these projects the huge obligation the country has would be not able to be rapidly and productively dealt with at current duty rates.This demonstrates that reducing expenses can not exclusively help the financial circumstance. In spite of this, the subsequent chain response brought about by cutting certain financial plans benefits the United States by and large since it arranges the spending of the country and can forestall superfluous expenses. By going over the Cliff, one chance is that the country could fall into a downturn. However, the legislature talked about the chance of raising expenses on the rich to compensate for charges that could be set on the center class.Economists, who have investigated the potential impacts of going over this â€Å"cliff,† contend this would bring about keeping the economy from totally going over (Cohen). In spite of the fact that, assessments should be raised on everyone in any case because of recently ordered social insurance programs. This duty raise is legitimate in light of the fact that these new projects are intended to support residents however it is impossible for things to come without a cost, â€Å"though the individuals bolster the legislature; the administration ought not bolster the people,† (Cleveland).This plan to raise burdens by 39% is really a preferred position for citizens since it will be caused changeless implying that after families to conform to the new pay sum they will get, after charges have been expelled from the general sum, they won't need to stress over being confronted with another scramble to expand charge approaches later on (Ohlemacher). The assurance this can give families a standard expense plan they can acclimate to without significant changes later on. The financial world can be both a shellfish ocean and a fermenting storm, de spite the fact that with a steady expense plan citizens will have the option to easily cruise this dependable ocean.Often, before acting, one seeks the instances of others for direction; for the errors of others won't be theirs. England has remained the fundamental country America sees while talking about legislative issues and this was demonstrated the same while examining financial matters. Conceders have contended that raising assessments would not fix anything, as demonstrated by the British model. In 2010 Cameron got down to business, cutting out the government’s spending plan, a potential arrangement in the Fiscal Cliff, yet the total national output is underneath the level it had been at when Cameron had begun (Brown).This examination demonstrates wrong since governments are individualistic and numerous elements, for example, the administrators picked in the legislature and the contrasting economies or markets in every nation, could influence the consequence of specifi c choices. Britain’s infirmity is explicitly because of an absence of interest not of flexibly, Adam Posen, an authority in British financial aspects, contended, and the U. S. can't be appropriately contrasted with the parliamentary administration of Britain (Brown). In the event that the administration was to raise charges it isn't ensured that it would result adversely on the economy as a whole.Actually, by raising expenses the country is being allowed to change the duty code and widen the base later on (Cohen). An outing to the planning phase of financial matters joined with a straightaway expense plan could alter the economy of America as opposed to bringing about catastrophe the same number of individuals against the raise in charges have contended. To burden or not to burden; that is the issue. Regardless of contentions for an abatement in charges obviously if the administration overlooks the interest for cash to mollify the expanding obligation then the economy will fa ll into an unforgiving discouragement that will get more diligently to fix.Citizens put their wellbeing in the hands of the administration, they put their children’s security in the hands of the administration, they put their instruction in the hands of the legislature, and they put their cash in the hands of the administration. Why at that point can they not put their trust? Charges ought to be raises with the goal that the shortage doesn't increment to a bigger rate. The time has come to begin topping off the unfilled bank of American. Works Cited Brown, Abram. â€Å"The Argument Against Fiscal Cliff Austerity: Just Look At Britain's Mess. â€Å"Forbes.Forbes Magazine, 24 Dec. 2012. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Cleveland, Grover. Statement †Though the People Support the Government; the Government Should Not Support the People†¦ on Quotations Book. N. p. , n. d. Web. 16 Feb. 2013. Cohen, Tom. â€Å"Fiscal Cliff: What Isn't Said Tells More than Actual Words. †Ã‚ CNN. Link News Network, 07 Dec. 2012. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Dixon, Kim. â€Å"Analysis: â€Å"Fiscal Cliff' Deal Called a Dud on Deficit Front. †Ã‚ Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune, 01 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Dubay, Curtis S. â€Å"Send This Report to a Friend.  The Heritage Foundation. The Heritage Foundation, 9 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Ohlemacher, Stephen. â€Å"Fiscal Cliff Deal Will Raise Taxes On 77 Percent Of Americans: Tax Policy Center Analysis. †Ã‚ The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost. com, 02Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. â€Å"President To Make Argument For Fiscal Cliff Plans. †Ã‚ Breaking News for Black America. News One, 27 Nov. 2012. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. Russell, Don. â€Å"A Clear Concise Look at the ‘Fiscal Cliff' Controversy. †Ã‚ Examiner. com. Inspector, 4 Dec. 2012. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

Monday, August 10, 2020

In Memory of Sean Collier

In Memory of Sean Collier Today, MIT dedicated a memorial to  Officer Sean Collier, who was killed in the line of duty by the Tsarnaev brothers  on April 18th, 2013. Sean was a beloved campus police officer, a  member of the MIT Outing Club, and  part of the MIT family. It is not the first memorial dedicated to Sean on campus. Last April, under cover of night, students installed Colliers Cranes, a hack of thousands of paper cranes hung suspended inside the Stata Center by the entrance near where Sean was killed. The memorial unveiled today is, however, the most permanent. Assembled out of 32 blocks of granite, carved from the New Hampshire quarries near which he loved to climb, this memorial to Sean will last as long as MIT does. Maybe it will last longer. This is a very difficult subject for me to write about, so I am going to stop and let you read a description of the memorial written by Professor J. Meejin Yoon, Head of the Department of Architecture at MIT and lead architect of the Collier Memorial. I will close with this: when I ran the Boston Marathon last Monday for Team MR8  in memory of my friend Martin Richard,  who was killed in the bombing two years ago, I also ran it for Sean. Professor Yoon: Situated on MIT’s campus where Officer Sean Collier was shot and killed on April 18, 2013, the Collier Memorial marks the site with a timeless structureâ€"translating the phrase Collier Strong into a space of remembrance through a form that embodies the concept of strength through unity. The memorial is composed of 32 solid blocks of granite that form a five-way stone vault, each block supporting the other to create a central covered space for reflection. Inspired by the gesture of an open hand, the memorial’s five-way shallow stone vault is buttressed by five radial walls that extend outward to the campus. The ovoid space at the intersection of the extending walls creates a passage, a marker, and an aperture, reframing the site of tragic loss. The intersection of the star-shaped extrusion and ovoid space creates a smooth curved surface that acts as a bevel marker under the vault with the inscription, In the line of duty, Sean Collier, April 18, 2013. The longest walls shelter the site from Vassar Street while the void creates an entry into the memorial. The two most acute walls point toward the specific location where Officer Collier was shot in the line of duty. Carved into the south-facing wall is an epitaph from Sean’s brother’s eulogy: Live long like he would. Big hearts, big smiles, big service, all love. Amidst the solid stone memorial are a cluster of honey locust trees that create a living canopy above the structure to mark the passage of time. In contrast, point lights set into the pavers permanently inscribe into the ground the constellation of stars in the sky the night of April 18, 2013. The design of the memorial combines age-old structural techniques for spanning masonry vaults with new digital fabrication and structural computation technologies to create an unprecedented form. The stone arch is among the most elemental of structural organizations, ordering materials in space and translating force into form. The design relies on the exact fit of the 32 stone blocks to transfer loads in pure compression from stone to stone. The shallowness of the massive stone vault overhead creates an effect of suspension and weightlessness, while the tapered geometry of the individual stone blocks that form the compression ring reveals the keystone geometry of the masonry arch. The fabrication process involved the cutting of quarried blocks of stone, first with a single-axis robotic block saw, then with a multiple-axis KUKA 500 robot. The vault geometry necessitates a perfect fit between blocks, and the robotic milling process produced final stone pieces that are within a 0.5 millimeter tolerance. The massive stone blocks were then set by masons through an elaborate scaffolding sequence. The design showcases new digital fabrication methods, as well as traditional stone setting masonry techniques, celebrating both contemporary technology and timeless craft. Methodologically, the design process for the Sean Collier Memorial involved a back-and-forth process between the construction of physical models (foam, wood, stone, and 3d-printed powder) and simulations with digital tools. The vaulted design of the Sean Collier Memorial embodies structural principles in its material configuration and symbolizes generosity as service. This didactic visualization of forces is consistent with MIT’s ethos of openness and transparency, while the idea that all five walls are needed to achieve a stable form is symbolic of a community coalescing to commemorate a loss. The permanent Collier Memorial will offer our community the opportunity to remember Officer Collier’s life and to honor his service as it reminds us of our values: openness in the face of threat, unity through diversity, and strength through community. All images courtesy of MIT News

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Ensuing Information Will Be A Detailed Explanation

The ensuing information will be a detailed explanation of a graffiti clean-up program for the City of Billings in Billings, Montana. This program was a long-standing idea of the Billing Crime Prevention Center. Previously, no one was available to implement the graffiti clean-up project. The Billings Crime Prevention Center (CPC) is a division of the Billings Police Department. This organization staffs a paid coordinator, a police officer, and a different police secretary who floats in and out of the office a few days out of the week when needed. All other members of the organization are volunteers. An organizational chart of the CPC, specific to this graffiti project, can be found in Appendix B (p. 19). The purpose of the CPC is to†¦show more content†¦Thus victimizing the victim a second time, especially if a citizen did not have the money, time, or knowledge on how to reform the damage. The most desired outcome will be a free community graffiti removal program operated and funded through the Billings Crime Prevention Center. Through a collaboration of various City of Billings departments and utility companies, city property and utility boxes will automatically be cleaned if seen by the CPC volunteers on patrol. In addition, businesses and citizens of Billings will be able to easily request graffiti cleanup services and those requests will be handled in a timely manner. As long as funds continue to be available to stock graffiti cleaning supplies, and volunteers to keep up with the documentation of requested and completed services, as well as, volunteers to do the physical labor of cleaning graffiti, the program will remain in existence. Strategy The Midwest Academy Strategy Chart, as seen in Appendix A (p. 18), as a strategy tool to organize the project by defining goals, identifying organizational considerations, classify constituents, pinpoint targets, and analyze tactics. The purpose of this project is to organize as a group, with a common interest, in order to improve the quality of life for our community. In this case, to clean-up the neighborhoods in our community in an attempt to thwart gang activity. The project started out smallShow MoreRelatedRelationship Between Companies And Their Customers1485 Words   |  6 Pagesstart to give particular importance to the electronic customer relationship management (eCRM), which focuses on the customers instead of the services or the products, that is, whereas the needs of the customers in all areas of business, in order to ensuing the satisfaction of the customers. 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Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Drinking And Driving - 1335 Words

Drink and Driving is and Ongoing Problem Erica Esposito Kean University Abstract This paper explores the research and find results on how drinking and driving has become a big problem in the United States. Drinking and driving effects a person’s ability to operate a vehicle and therefore drunk drivers need to be educated on the repercussions with drinking and driving. Every day drunk drivers are arrested, either for traffic violations, reckless driving, and random stops on the road, or accidents. This paper also examines and explains what happens to the people affected by drinking and driving and what the people can do to avoid it. There have been many cases of injured people due to drinking and driving. Laws have been†¦show more content†¦There have been many cases of injuries due to drinking and driving. Whether it had to do with the driver being drunk and getting injured, or being the one affected by the drunk driver. There have even been laws that have been implemented to make it harder to get away with drinking and driving. There are also man y resources a driver who is drinking can think of to avoid drinking and driving. Drinking and driving is extremely bad, especially if a person is thinking about operating vehicle. Drunk drivers need to be educated on the repercussions First off, every day drunk drivers are arrested either for traffic violations, reckless driving, or random stops on the road etc. A drunk driver hears the siren of a cop car, sees the red flashing lights, and a person in uniform knocking at their driver side window. An officer has pulled them over for suspicious driving. If the officer smells a strong odor of alcohol, and the person exhibits slurred speech or general incoherence they will be asked to exit their vehicle and move to the side of the road where they will undergo the field of sobriety testing (Drinking and Driving Consequences and Effects). If you fail to demonstrate that you are fine to operate a vehicle during these field tests, the officer can then ask permission to perform a blood alcohol content test, or breathalyzer for short. If a person is failing the tests the officers give them, the person is going to get arrested, get tickets, fines, or even jailShow MoreRelatedDrinking, Driving And Driving2032 Words   |   9 Pages Drinking and Driving While I was researching about Drinking and Driving, I found a few articles that show the reader complete information about the risk that represent Driving under the influence of the alcohol. Those articles discuss the results of driving while being drunk. One of the results can be going to jail; however, I believe that going to jail is one of the softest consequences that an individual can have for drinking and driving. I also found a good article that shows why people areRead MoreDrinking And Driving801 Words   |  4 PagesWe have all had some kind of knowledge or even personal experience with the effects of drinking and driving, whether it is watching a report on the news, having friends or family being involved as a victim or offender, to even being a victim or offender yourself. The aftermath of drinking and driving, even if only a few drinks were consumed, is a tragedy for all persons involved. The current rational of just having a few drinks is that consuming only a little a lcohol means that the person isn’t intoxicatedRead MoreDrinking and Driving886 Words   |  4 PagesEveryone is drinking and having a good time. Your are going to leave and go home, but you friends wont let you because they know the dangers of driving after having a few drinks. Instead they ca ll a cab to give you a ride home. You would be extremely lucky to have such smart friends. 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It does notRead MoreDrinking and Driving2157 Words   |  9 Pagesanti-drinking and driving advertisements on university-aged students. â€Å"Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among 16 to 25 year olds, and alcohol and/or drugs are a factor in 55% of those crashes† (Madd, 2013). Increasing the effectiveness of anti-drinking and driving advertisements could be a solution to this critically high m ortality rate in young people. The main purpose of this study is to better understand the effect of positive and negative anti-drinking and driving advertisementsRead MoreTeen Drinking And Driving921 Words   |  4 Pages*date* Teen drinking and driving Drinking and driving is one of the biggest social issues for teens across the United States. Getting behind the wheel of a vehicle after consuming alcohol is a very dangerous thing no matter what age you are. However, teens do not think about the consequences of drinking and driving until it is already too late. 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One in ten high schoolers drink and drive (â€Å"Teen Drinking and Driving†). Young drivers (ages 16-20) are 17 times more likely to die in a crash when they have a blood alcohol concentration of .08% than when they have not been drinking ( "Teen Drinking and Driving†). Adults and teenagers think it okay to stillRead MoreDrinking and Driving Essay1487 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Every single injury and death caused by drunk driving is totally preventable† says David J. Hanson, a drunken driving activist. Drinking and driving is a serious crime in all fifty states. The rules and laws may vary among the states. In Illinois, it is illegal to operate a motor vehicle with a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) or .08 percent or more. A driver also can be convicted of DUI with a BAC of more than .05 if additional evidence is present (DUI Laws par. 1). According to the Nation HighwayRead MoreThe Dangers Of Drinking And Driving1624 Words   |  7 PagesI think drinking and driving is terrible because of how many accidents there are and because there are so many people getting away with drinking and driving these days. Driving while under the influence is bad because there are so many wrecks while driving drunk. The risk of people driving drunk has increased over the years because cops have started to slow down on catching people that are driving under the influence. We are all at risk to drive under the influence but most of us decide not to because

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Amelia Free Essays

AMELIA ROGERS AT TASSANI COMMUNICATION TASSANI COMMUNICATIONS Tassani communication was found by sally Tassani in 1980. it was Chicago based company and started to provide advertising , public relations , direct marketing , sales promotions and graphic desing. Tassani communication was different from other traditional advertising agency. We will write a custom essay sample on Amelia or any similar topic only for you Order Now according to sally tasani ; advertising wasn’t more valuable than public relations , sals promotions or direct marketing . according to her it was just a true position in 1990s . n 1984 ,tassani communication recognized the fastest growing company in the united states . sally tassani hired jim paglia who had worked in a large companies and he was very experienced person . after he started to work attassani communication, he introduced eight step process. Both Sally Tassani and Jim paglia believed that the most profitable competitors maintained a balanced portfolio of accounts which is based on clienst. According to one executive person; sally and paglia were very smart ,bright and good at what they were doing. im paglia was very good to understand what clients need and sally was good at motivation and cares about business . sally was more maternal and wants to reward employees jim is tougher . according to this employee jim and sally was completely different in style but they have the same vision. Economic cris effected companies move. Tassani communication was forced logoff because of clients budgets when economy started to recover.. tassani communication’s goal was 25$ million billing to 35$ million in te next year . fter this move sally tassani and jim paglia divided their position in the company. sally tassani became ceo and president ,paglia as the executive vice president and chief operator. In economic depression in 1991 they had to let go many loyal employees . she described this situation that tassani communication reacted a part at which they needed people with a sophistication about their business. she thought that company needed people to manage their †¦. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND THE CREATIVE PROCESS Tassani communiation organized to be flat organization to support the integrated philosophy. Each department in the agency was operated as a separate profit center. How is the creative process: Creative process with clients would began ally Tassani or director brought account to the agency. Account director advises to creative director and creative director begin brain storming with the †¦. after all these process ideas goes to paglia and he choose the best one. How to cite Amelia, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Management And Leadership In General Samples †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Management And Leadership In General. Answer: Introduction Management and leadership are considered to be as overlapping concepts. They are practically related to each other. Peter Drucker stated that a leader is someone who has followers(Hao Yazdanifard, 2015). Gaining followers requires a lot of influence and it should not include lack of integrity in achieving the followers. Some people also say that leadership is what social influence is. While leadership is defined as having followers,management is defined about managing people in an organization. It is a process which is used to achieve goals in any organization. A key factor through which an organization can grow is to have great leaders and world class managers(Algahtani, 2014). Management is the process of coping up with the complexities and establishing the predictability while the leadership is the process of coping up with adaptability. Managers will always plan and develop procedures but the leaders will always provide the feedback. The democratic leader entertains the responsi bility(Cox, 2016).Management is good if it always provides services to community in an efficient and sustainable manner. All this can be achieved only if the resources are brought together for service provision including the human resources and finances. This report focuses on themanagement and leadership in general, their differences, commonalities, concepts and evaluation. Key differences between Leadership and Management There are some similarities in leaders and managers but there are some key differences too. The differences are written below. Vision: Both the leaders and the managers should have vision to achieve the goals and what they want to become. Leaders will always help their followers to shape up a vision which they have in mind. Managers will take it further from where leaders left. They will always follow that vision. They will divide that vision into simple small goals and aims to achieve with the given recourses in the given time. Path: People need to carve a way on which they can move ahead in life. Similarly, organization is a place where people make visions and follow them to move ahead in life. The managers and leaders both know that employees should have and follow a single path. When the path is already chosen by the followers, leaders makes it a responsibility for making people remain in the right direction and follow the right path. Managers on the other hand, make use of that progress and make sure that the path is being achieved in the efficient manner or not(Popovici, 2012). People: Both the domains leadership and management complies in an organization. People who work in the organization will always be different. Leaders see the people as the reason for which the vision is being aimed while for a manager, people make the way to achieve the certain goal. Cognitive Dissonance: Cognitive dissonance is the gap which exists between the reality and vision. Leaders will always use this gap to help an individual to make the path from reality to the vision and the managers will use cognitive dissonance for guiding people to take particular actions or path(Lunenburg, 2011). Higher purpose: When the mission is similar for people, the avoidance of reality is transcended, this helps in achieving the vision. Both leaders and managers make use of higher purpose as for both the purpose is to finally aim at the vision and achieve it. Leaders will always bring out the best in their subordinates and motivate them always but managers will touch into the higher purpose of the people and transform them into selfless sense of perseverance and endurance(Lopez, 2014). However, a leader can be a person who is always motivating other people and his title might not be attached with anything specific or a particular position. At the other hand, manager can only be a person who is responsible for handling a position in management. Practical Examples: In every organization, a manager is always responsible for performing these functions: organizing, planning, leading, coordinating and controlling. In case if a manager also works as a leader, the statement that he gives will always be accurate but all managers are not leaders until they perform similar functions which are being performed by the leader such as motivating, influencing and inspiring people(Finance, 2017). Lets take an example of an organization where there are managers who work as a leader as well. Organization is responsible for completing the task in a given time. This will require many people to work in team and complete the task. Now, the duty of managers would be to assign tasks within the subordinates and get the work done. Leaders are responsible for motivating and influencing every subordinate for working hard and to complete the task within time. Leaders will also make sure that the subordinates give their best in whatever they do and if they are unable to do so, leaders will influence them to take out the desired results from them. They will not be bothered about the process for completing the task but they will just expect the results to be the best(S., 2014). Concept of Leaders as Effective Managers An organization works for giving out results by keeping the stakeholders happy, satisfied and by having good leaders and managers in the company. Both leaders and managers are important for the organizations to achieve its goal and vision. While leaders and managers have many differences, they have some similarities too. The quality of a manager and leader can work together in one person. The major role of a leader is to develop goals and vision and also the direction on which everyone should push them to reach the end goal. Role of the manager is finalizing the way for the resources where they want to reach(Chuang, 2013). Einstein stated that everything should be made simple as possible but no simpler. All this depends on the capacity of thinking of an individual who thinks that leaders are made to be leading people and followers are made for following them(Sharma Jain, 2013). Leadership and management are a part of the same role because of the continual adjustment of the direction which is controlling resources and leadership to achieve the particular direction i.e. management. Challenges for a leader to become effective manager Both manager and leader do different tasks which take the people to the end result and that result is always the same. Some organizations want to have leaders who can become effective managers too. In becoming an efficient manager, a leader can face few challenges. Creativity: Separations of competence from excellence is what creativity does. This quality is very much necessary in a manager as it captures peoples attention. A leader if wants to be a manager, he should be able to be creative which is very different from the part he plays in the organization. Structure: The structure on which the organization works is very different and it has some guidelines and limitations to work upon. A manager is always skilled as to how he will work according to the structure(Zakaria et al., 2015). Leader, in order to become an efficient manager, should be as skilled as the manager would be. Knowledge: Knowledge is linked with the structure only. It is necessary to have proper knowledge to become an efficient manager. A leader would have to take that knowledge before becoming a manager. Human Nature: Employees always value leaders who are human and those who do not hide themselves behind authorities. At the same time, becoming a good manager needs to be more human with the employees(Gentry et al., 2016). A leader in order to become an efficient manager needs to be stricter which would be a challenge for a leader. Versatile: Flexibility is the quality that every manager possesses. Leaders are more prone to working in a non-flexible atmosphere in order to influence people for the desired outcome. Becoming flexible would be a challenge for them(Projectsmart, 2018). All the above qualities mentioned, if possessed by all the leaders, will make the organization more efficient and cost efficient as both the tasks of being a leader and a manager would then be done by single person in the organization. Balancing between the demands of Leadership and Management Leadership is the quality which is helpful in influencing minds of people. Because of that influence, people follow that leader. Management on the other hand is related to making people work in a better way for producing high output. Both these terms work hand in hand and sometimes it becomes difficult to find out the difference between them. Yet, both the responsibilities are different and play different roles. For understanding more, both these terms should have a proper balance in between them. The demands of leadership are as follows: Visioning: Visioning is one of the demands. The leaders who are successful are able to look beyond the organization. They work as being the visual language in which they paint the picture of the future. The result of that would be that they will attain bigger aims as they will create the mindset that gives a push to people to make their vision as reality. Values: With the help of visioning the leaders also recognize that they will be able to showcase their core values and beliefs(Henry, 2017). Leader can easily showcase what is important in their life by working with the core values they believe in. Hence, this is an important demand. Challenging Experiences: With clear vision and values, the leaders will easily be able to challenge the team in order to achieve their work goals. Mentor: Great leaders are not always highly driven. They understand the significance of personal relationships. There is always someone from the outside of the organization who acts as a mentor. These relationships are not always from the mentoring and training programs of the organizations as they are not always helpful for the employees. Yet successful mentoring relations take in account every need of leaders. Building a constituency: By going above the relationships, leaders also make a rapport at much higher levels of their organization and even beyond that. They just know the benefits of building a constituency(Summers, 2015). Use of experience: Leaders always enlighten others as they have the sense of experience with them. They have learnt from their mistakes. Know oneself: The leaders have quite a sense of who they actually are. They never try to be all things with people. Personalities of the leaders vary when they are at home and at work. They act differently. They act genuinely. Leadership demands are discussed and let us now discuss the demands of the management. Work of the manager should be detailed oriented Managers should always do tactical planning of the activities. Managers always focus on the work that its done efficiently. Managers do work on the goals, projects and tasks that are to be accomplished. Responsible are those managers who follow the vision and work to attain them on the right time(Botha, 2004). They involve themselves in linear thinking always. They work with the tunnel vision. Now all these traits of the managers and the demand in leadership are to have a strike between themselves so that an organization is always trouble free from the situations which cant be managed if they come suddenly. To strike a better balance between leadership and management, here are some tactics which can be used. A manager should develop his own people so that they are able to take more responsibility. The delegations skills should be improved for taking some work off their back. The decision-making skills should be developed for focusing on the bigger issues. By going against leadership needs, manager should prioritize positively. For removing daily issues, manager should instigate problem solving methods. For problems to stop occurring frequently, preventive measures should be taken. Improvement activities should be driven across organization(Croxton et al., 2002). The problem occurs in balancing because people are usually reluctant for stepping into the change and the discomfort that one experiences in the middle of ambiguity. Organization is actually the struggle which prevails in that ambiguity and brings issues back to the state of equilibrium. Management is an attempt for creating the balance between order and constancy in complex situation. Hence, the balancing will involve giving reports, developing policies, problems solving, having meetings and bringing things where efficiency prevails and the ambiguity is dispelled and employees are back to being comfortable again(McNamara, 2010). Rather than cursing leadership and management balancing, organizations should start taking it as a positive thing. It should not be leadership vs. management but leadership and management as both are important for the organizations success. For rebalancing an organization again, managers must start practicing leadership and start changing themselves. If managers change themselves, they would also be able to change others or influence others to change(Valenzuela, 2010). A very good example of good leadership and management is of the company Apple Inc. When Steve Jobs was working initially to make better computers, he wanted to do something different from the unusual. He wanted to keep innovating. Many people did not agree with that. There was a situation where he needed a good profit for his company as well as give his customers something they would love(Toma Marinescu, 2013). Yet, there was seen no passion to go out of the comfort zone from anyone and do something nice and out of the blue. He had a vision in mind but no one understood it. His values were of no use until he could have built something that he had in his vision. He had to take a decision to recruit new people for the company who are passionate enough to work with him and to build something which has never been made before. From a manager, he became a leader and gave leadership lessons to new recruited people about perseverance and innovation etc. He also made them learn that an innov ator will not see the competition around but will just see as to how they are going to do things differently. Its not always to create something you need to but its always about creating something that you care about(Kutsar et al., 2014). Ultimately, he shared his vision with the people and made them understand the core values of becoming a leader and a manager at the same time. This is one of the best examples to be shared. Second best example of leadership and management balancing is of Napoleon. He knew the project management skills very finely. Also, he effectively led the big projects as a manager. There are lessons on how Napoleon became a great manager by leading his team with adequate planning and effective solution but also acted a leader when his army wanted motivation. Just like the organizations need a person who can balance the act between being a manager and a leader, Napoleon lived up to this act of balancing. From being a manager who knew the effective techniques and the solutions to the problems to being a leader by gaining lots of followers for himself and motivating his team whenever needed, Napoleons example is taken and well known everywhere. If a company maintains balance between both of these terms, the employees will stay motivated every time they step into the organization and this will have a huge impact in the working way too. Efficiency will definitely increase and the organization will earn profits as well as a good name in the market. Conclusion Being a change leader, I understood one thing that leadership plays a very important part in influencing people and making people understand the importance of the efficient output that is needed for any organization. Forceful impacts and strictness can help sometimes to some extent but motivation and creating passion in employees or followers goes the long way. For achieving the objectives empowering the employees with the right skill set and knowledge is very necessary. Effective strategies should be innovated so that they can help the leaders to develop core change skills in leadership. For becoming successful with the followers and get the organizations moving in the right direction, leaders and managers do need to learn and tap on their emotional intelligence(Dike et al., 2015). The effective development of core changes that can be done in leadership skills should be: Initiate: The change leaders initiate with the creation of the case in which they seek change in. This includes monitoring of the business context, to develop a clear vision, clarity of the desired output, to understand the purpose of change and to identify the goal that is common. Build Strategy: Leaders who are successful and experienced, always develop the strategy with the clarity of action plan which includes timeline, resources and tasks. Execution: Execution after the translation of the strategy is one of the very important tasks that a leader can do. Experienced leaders break tasks into small parts for getting early victories and to build the momentum too(Ccl, 2018). Building the Trust: If the level of trust is inbuilt very nicely in people, the speed of the change would be very good. If the change is reflected in the managers priorities, the trust of the resources will also have built easily in them. To manager other persons uncertainly: If there is resistance in the change then there will always be resistance to the uncertainty. Moreover, a few are the uncertainties which always prevail in the system. 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